What is a Neurotic Family Drawing Like?
A Free Course About Interpretation
Institute of Projective Drawings
A German researcher, Schetty (1974) collected an extremely useful list of features frequently observed in neurotic family drawings.
If you are interested in children’s drawings, these are worthwhile knowing. However, don't forget that pictorial features can only be understood in context (according to the first theorem of the SSCA method, see Vass, 2012).
A single disorder can be expressed visually in many different ways and any pictorial feature may have multiple interpretations.
When focusing on specific features in family drawings, Schetty compared healthy, well-adjusted children to a group of children with behavioral disorders, learning difficulties, or showing neurotic symptoms.
What she found was really interesting. The family drawings of neurotic children exhibited the following features:
- Rarely have extraneous elements such as the sun, the sky, flowers.
- The drawing as a whole lacks specific details.
- Frequently draw profile view of the human figure.
- The family is organized as an incoherent group.
- They use fewer colors.
- Black is used to express dark shades, as opposed to well-adjusted children who use use grey for this purpose.
- The colors used are generally less realistic.
- They use less space on the paper and the drawings are smaller.
- Motifs are frequently drawn at the edge of the paper.
- Human figures contain few specific details, e.g. hands and fingers are frequently omitted, shoulders are missing or the feet are depicted vaguely.
In our academic research we also found the following:
Five General Warning Signs In Children's Drawings
- Incoherent, disorganized drawing.
- Few details together with gross distortions or omissions.
- Disharmonious and confuse picture.
- Compression: the picture is constricted to a very small size.
- Depression, sadness or hopelessness projected into the picture.
IMPORTANT: Pictorial features can only be understood in context. This means they are related to case history, test behavior, current conditions, the subject’s self-interpretation, as well as other items in the picture.
Elisabeth Münsterberg Koppitz (1968, 1984) found similar results. She explained the observations by claiming that well-adjusted, integrated children do not express their emotions to the world if they can cope with them in other ways.
However, emotionally disturbed or poorly adjusted children project their problems involuntarily. They reveal a great deal about themselves in their pictures.
This is particularly true if they are in a situation where they can draw alone – or in the presence of a psychologist with an accepting attitude, who likes to work with them and is also capable of understanding their messages.
Now It's Your Turn
- Download the "Frequently Observed Features Of Neurotic Family Drawings" below.
- Research psychological significance of the features above in ARTIES, the online interpretation tool.
- What was the most problematic drawing like that you ever seen? Let me know in the comments below!
Koppitz, E. M. (1968). Psychological Evaluation of Children’s Human Figure Drawings. New York: Grune and Stratton.
Koppitz, E. M. (1984). Psychological Evaluation of Human Figure Drawings by Middle School Pupils. London: Grune and Stratton.
Schetty, S. A. (1974). Kinderzeichnungen: Eine entwicklungspsychologische Untersuchung. PhD Dissertation. Zürich: Universität Zürich.
Vass, Z. (2012). A psychological interpretation of drawings and paintings. The SSCA Method: A Systems Analysis Approach. Budapest: Alexandra.
In the next chapter: The ingenious technique of kinetic drawings and paintings...